The Smith’s litter frog (Leptobrachium smithi), was discovered nearly 10 years ago in the state of Assam in northeastern India. The fantastic-looking frog is only a few centimeters long but has large, gold eyes. Despite its fresh discovery, the frog—found first in the Mayeng Hill Reserve and Garbhanga Reserve forests—is facing harsh realities of habitat destruction from tree clearing and water pollution.
Few new bird species have been reported in India since the 1940s, but an astrophysicist described the Bugun liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum) in 2006. Ramana Athreya spotted two of the Asian babblers in 1995 around the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh. Particular in its habitat requirements—preferring hill forests with open canopies—the Bugun liocichla is only known to live at altitudes ranging from 2,000 to 2,350 meters.
This poisonous pit viper grows to a menacing 1.3 meters and was discovered by scientists in 2002 around Putao. The Gumprecht’s green pit viper (Trimeresurus gumprechti) lives in the northern reaches of Burma at altitudes above 400 meters and varies widely between the sexes. Females are larger and have yellow eyes and a thin white or blue stripe on their heads, whereas males (pictured here) are a bit shorter and have red eyes and a bright red stripe.